The birth of Figeac takes us to 838, when Benedictine monks founded an abbey on the present site of the Church of Saint-Sauveur. Around the monks settled peasants and craftsmen and a town was born. The Figeacois developed trade, exported local products and became richer. From the end of the 12th century, the merchants’ houses reveal the wealth of the bourgeoisie. In the 13th and early 14th centuries, Figeac was one of the most prosperous cities in southern France. The city was adorned with numerous churches and the merchants constituted real fortunes by practicing international trade in luxury goods. These bourgeois raised sumptuous mansions marked by Gothic art which today constitute one of the treasures of the city. If the prosperity of Figeac died out during the Hundred Years’ War, the architecture of the medieval houses would survive the centuries. From the 17th century, Figeac experienced a new wealth. The nobles raise in the city mansions of classical style and the churches receive sumptuous baroque decorations.